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vmmain.cpp

#ifdef RCSID
static char RCSid[] =
"$Header$";
#endif

/* 
 *   Copyright (c) 1999, 2002 Michael J. Roberts.  All Rights Reserved.
 *   
 *   Please see the accompanying license file, LICENSE.TXT, for information
 *   on using and copying this software.  
 */
/*
Name
  vmmain.cpp - T3 VM main entrypoint - execute an image file
Function
  Main entrypoint for executing a T3 image file.  Loads an image file
  and begins execution.  Returns when execution terminates.
Notes
  
Modified
  10/07/99 MJRoberts  - Creation
*/

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>

#include "os.h"
#include "t3std.h"
#include "vmerr.h"
#include "vmfile.h"
#include "vmimage.h"
#include "vmrun.h"
#include "vmimgrb.h"
#include "vmmain.h"
#include "vmhost.h"
#include "vmhostsi.h"
#include "vminit.h"
#include "vmpredef.h"
#include "vmobj.h"
#include "vmvsn.h"
#include "charmap.h"
#include "vmsave.h"
#include "vmtype.h"
#include "vmrunsym.h"


/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
/*
 *   Execute an image file.  If an exception occurs, we'll display a
 *   message on the console, and we'll return the error code; we'll return
 *   zero on success.  If an error occurs, we'll fill in 'errbuf' with a
 *   message describing the problem.  
 */
int vm_run_image(CVmMainClientIfc *clientifc,
                 const char *image_file_name,
                 class CVmHostIfc *hostifc,
                 const char *const *prog_argv, int prog_argc,
                 const char *script_file, const char *log_file,
                 const char *cmd_log_file,
                 int load_from_exe, int show_banner, const char *charset,
                 const char *saved_state, const char *res_dir)
{
    CVmFile *fp = 0;
    CVmImageLoader *volatile loader = 0;
    CVmImageFile *volatile imagefp = 0;
    int retval;
    vm_globals *vmg__;

    /* presume we will return success */
    retval = 0;

    /* create the file object */
    fp = new CVmFile();

    /* initialize the VM */
    vm_initialize(&vmg__, hostifc, clientifc, charset);

    /* tell the client system to initialize */
    clientifc->client_init(VMGLOB_ADDR, script_file, log_file,
                           cmd_log_file,
                           show_banner ? T3VM_BANNER_STRING : 0);

    /* catch any errors that occur during loading and running */
    err_try
    {
        if (load_from_exe)
        {
            osfildef *exe_fp;
            
            /* find the image within the executable */
            exe_fp = os_exeseek(image_file_name, "TGAM");
            if (exe_fp == 0)
                err_throw(VMERR_NO_IMAGE_IN_EXE);

            /* 
             *   set up to read from the executable at the location of the
             *   embedded image file that we just found 
             */
            fp->set_file(exe_fp, osfpos(exe_fp));
        }
        else
        {
            /* reading from a normal file - open the file */
            fp->open_read(image_file_name, OSFTT3IMG);
        }

        /* create the loader */
        imagefp = new CVmImageFileExt(fp);
        loader = new CVmImageLoader(imagefp, image_file_name);

        /* load the image */
        loader->load(vmg0_);

        /* if we have a resource root path, tell the host interface */
        if (res_dir != 0)
            hostifc->set_res_dir(res_dir);

        /* let the client prepare for execution */
        clientifc->pre_exec(VMGLOB_ADDR);

        /* run the program from the main entrypoint */
        loader->run(vmg_ prog_argv, prog_argc, 0, saved_state);

        /* tell the client we're done with execution */
        clientifc->post_exec(VMGLOB_ADDR);
    }
    err_catch(exc)
    {
        char errbuf[512];

        /* tell the client execution failed due to an error */
        clientifc->post_exec_err(VMGLOB_ADDR);

        /* note the error code for returning to the caller */
        retval = exc->get_error_code();

        /* get the message for the error */
        CVmRun::get_exc_message(vmg_ exc, errbuf, sizeof(errbuf), TRUE);
        
        /* display the message */
        clientifc->display_error(VMGLOB_ADDR, errbuf, FALSE);
    }
    err_end;

    /* unload the image */
    if (loader != 0)
        loader->unload(vmg0_);

    /* delete the loader and the image file object */
    if (loader != 0)
        delete loader;
    if (imagefp != 0)
        delete imagefp;

    /* notify the client */
    clientifc->client_terminate(VMGLOB_ADDR);

    /* terminate the VM */
    vm_terminate(vmg__, clientifc);

    /* delete the file */
    if (fp != 0)
        delete fp;

    /* return the status code */
    return retval;
}

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
/*
 *   Read an option argument from an option that allows its arguments to be
 *   either appended directly to the end of the option (as in "-otest") or
 *   to follow as the subsequent vector item (as in "-o test").  optlen
 *   gives the length of the option prefix itself, including the hyphen
 *   prefix (so an option "-o" would have length 2).  We'll increment
 *   *curarg if we consume the extra vector position.  Returns null if there
 *   isn't an argument for the option.  
 */
static char *get_opt_arg(int argc, char **argv, int *curarg, int optlen)
{
    /* 
     *   if we have an argument (i.e., any non-empty text) appended directly
     *   to the option vector item, we don't need to consume an extra vector
     *   position 
     */
    if (argv[*curarg][optlen] != '\0')
    {
        /* the argument is merely the remainder of this vector item */
        return &argv[*curarg][optlen];
    }

    /* advance to the next vector position */
    ++(*curarg);

    /* if we don't have any vector items left, there's no argument */
    if (*curarg >= argc)
        return 0;

    /* this vector item is the next argument */
    return argv[*curarg];
}

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
/*
 *   Main Entrypoint for command-line invocations.  For simplicity, a
 *   normal C main() or equivalent entrypoint can invoke this routine
 *   directly, using the usual argc/argv conventions.
 *   
 *   Returns a status code suitable for use with exit(): OSEXSUCC if we
 *   successfully loaded and ran an executable, OSEXFAIL on failure.  If
 *   an error occurs, we'll fill in 'errbuf' with a message describing the
 *   problem.  
 */
int vm_run_image_main(CVmMainClientIfc *clientifc,
                      const char *executable_name,
                      int argc, char **argv, int defext, int test_mode,
                      CVmHostIfc *hostifc)
{
    int curarg;
    char image_file_name[OSFNMAX];
    int stat;
    const char *script_file;
    const char *log_file;
    const char *cmd_log_file;
    const char *res_dir;
    int load_from_exe;
    int show_banner;
    int found_image;
    int hide_usage;
    int usage_err;
    const char *charset;
    char *saved_state;

    /* we haven't found an image file yet */
    found_image = FALSE;

    /* presume we'll show usage on error */
    hide_usage = FALSE;

    /* presume there will be no usage error */
    usage_err = FALSE;

    /* presume we won't have any console input/output files */
    script_file = 0;
    log_file = 0;
    cmd_log_file = 0;

    /* presume we'll use the default OS character set */
    charset = 0;

    /* presume we won't show the banner */
    show_banner = FALSE;

    /* presume we won't load from the .exe file */
    load_from_exe = FALSE;

    /* presume we won't restore a saved state file */
    saved_state = 0;

    /* presume we won't have a resource directory specified */
    res_dir = 0;

    /* scan options */
    for (curarg = 1 ; curarg < argc && argv[curarg][0] == '-' ; ++curarg)
    {
        /* check the argument */
        switch(argv[curarg][1])
        {
        case 'b':
            if (strcmp(argv[curarg], "-banner") == 0)
            {
                /* make a note to show the banner */
                show_banner = TRUE;
            }
            else
                goto opt_error;
            break;

        case 'c':
            if (argv[curarg][2] == 's' && argv[curarg][3] == '\0')
            {
                ++curarg;
                if (curarg < argc)
                    charset = argv[curarg];
                else
                    goto opt_error;
            }
            else
                goto opt_error;
            break;

        case 'n':
            if (strcmp(argv[curarg], "-nobanner") == 0)
            {
                /* make a note not to show the banner */
                show_banner = FALSE;
            }
            else
                goto opt_error;
            break;
            
        case 's':
            /* file safety level - check the range */
            if (argv[curarg][2] < '0' || argv[curarg][2] > '4'
                || argv[curarg][3] != '\0')
            {
                /* invalid level */
                goto opt_error;
            }
            else
            {
                /* set the level in the host application */
                hostifc->set_io_safety(argv[curarg][2] - '0');
            }
            break;

        case 'i':
            /* 
             *   read from a script file - the next argument, or the
             *   remainder of this argument, is the filename 
             */
            script_file = get_opt_arg(argc, argv, &curarg, 2);
            if (script_file == 0)
                goto opt_error;
            break;

        case 'l':
            /* log output to file */
            log_file = get_opt_arg(argc, argv, &curarg, 2);
            if (log_file == 0)
                goto opt_error;
            break;

        case 'o':
            /* log commands to file */
            cmd_log_file = get_opt_arg(argc, argv, &curarg, 2);
            if (cmd_log_file == 0)
                goto opt_error;
            break;

        case 'p':
            /* check what follows */
            if (strcmp(argv[curarg], "-plain") == 0)
            {
                /* tell the client to set plain ASCII mode */
                clientifc->set_plain_mode();
                break;
            }
            else
                goto opt_error;
            break;

        case 'r':
            /* get the name of the saved state file to restore */
            saved_state = get_opt_arg(argc, argv, &curarg, 2);
            if (saved_state == 0)
                goto opt_error;
            break;

        case 'R':
            /* note the resource root directory */
            res_dir = get_opt_arg(argc, argv, &curarg, 2);
            if (res_dir == 0)
                goto opt_error;
            break;

        default:
        opt_error:
            /* discard remaining arguments */
            curarg = argc;

            /* note the error */
            usage_err = TRUE;
            break;
        }
    }

    /* 
     *   If there was no usage error so far, but we don't have an image
     *   filename argument, try to find the image file some other way.
     */
    if (usage_err)
    {
        /* there was a usage error - don't bother looking for an image file */
    }
    else if (curarg + 1 <= argc)
    {
        /* the last argument is the image file name */
        strcpy(image_file_name, argv[curarg]);
        found_image = TRUE;

        /* 
         *   If the given filename exists, use it as-is; otherwise, if
         *   we're allowed to add an extension, try applying a default
         *   extension of "t3" (formerly "t3x") to the given name.  
         */
        if (defext && osfacc(image_file_name))
        {
            /* the given name doesn't exist - try a default extension */
            os_defext(image_file_name, "t3");             /* formerly "t3x" */
        }
    }
    else
    {
        osfildef *fp;
            
        /* look for an image file attached to the executable */
        fp = os_exeseek(argv[0], "TGAM");
        if (fp != 0)
        {
            /* close the file */
            osfcls(fp);

            /* note that we want to load from the executable */
            load_from_exe = TRUE;

            /* use the executable filename as the image file */
            if (os_get_exe_filename(image_file_name,
                                    sizeof(image_file_name), argv[0]))
                found_image = TRUE;
        }

        /* 
         *   if we still haven't found an image file, try to get the image
         *   file from the saved state file, if one was specified 
         */
        if (!found_image && saved_state != 0)
        {
            osfildef *save_fp;

            /* open the saved state file */
            save_fp = osfoprb(saved_state, OSFTT3SAV);
            if (save_fp != 0)
            {
                /* get the name of the image file */
                if (CVmSaveFile::restore_get_image(
                    save_fp, image_file_name, sizeof(image_file_name)) == 0)
                {
                    /* we successfully obtained the filename */
                    found_image = TRUE;
                }

                /* close the file */
                osfcls(save_fp);
            }
        }

        /* 
         *   if we haven't found the image, and the host system provides a
         *   way of asking the user for a filename, try that 
         */
        if (!found_image)
        {
            /* ask the host system for a game name */
            switch (hostifc->get_image_name(image_file_name,
                                            sizeof(image_file_name)))
            {
            case VMHOST_GIN_IGNORED:
                /* no effect - we have no new information */
                break;

            case VMHOST_GIN_CANCEL:
                /* 
                 *   the user cancelled the dialog - we don't have a
                 *   filename, but we also don't want to show usage, since
                 *   the user chose not to proceed 
                 */
                hide_usage = TRUE;
                break;
                
            case VMHOST_GIN_ERROR:
                /* 
                 *   an error occurred showing the dialog - there's not
                 *   much we can do except show the usage message 
                 */
                break;

            case VMHOST_GIN_SUCCESS:
                /* that was successful - we have an image file now */
                found_image = TRUE;
                break;
            }
        }
    }

    /* 
     *   if we don't have an image file name by this point, we can't
     *   proceed - show the usage message and terminate 
     */
    if (usage_err || !found_image)
    {
        char buf[OSFNMAX + 1024];

        /* show the usage message if allowed */
        if (!hide_usage)
        {
            /* build the usage message */
            sprintf(buf,
                    "%s\n"
                    "usage: %s [options] <image-file-name> [arguments]\n"
                    "options:\n"
                    "  -banner - show the version/copyright banner\n"
                    "  -cs xxx - use character set 'xxx' for keyboard "
                    "and display\n"
                    "  -i file - read command line input from file\n"
                    "  -l file - log all console input/output to file\n"
                    "  -o file - log console input to file\n"
                    "  -plain  - run in plain mode (no cursor positioning, "
                    "colors, etc.)\n"
                    "  -r file - restore saved state from file\n"
                    "  -R dir  - set directory for external resources\n"
                    "  -s#     - set I/O safety level (# in range 0 to 4 - 0 "
                    "is the least\n"
                    "            restrictive, 4 allows no file I/O at all)\n"
                    "\n"
                    "If provided, the optional arguments after the image "
                    "file name are passed\n"
                    "to the program's main entrypoint.\n",
                    T3VM_BANNER_STRING, executable_name);
            
            /* display the message */
            clientifc->display_error(0, buf, FALSE);
        }
        
        /* return failure */
        return OSEXFAIL;
    }

    /* 
     *   if we're in test mode, replace the first argument to the program
     *   with its root name, so that we don't include any path information
     *   in the argument list 
     */
    if (test_mode && curarg <= argc && argv[curarg] != 0)
        argv[curarg] = os_get_root_name(argv[curarg]);
    
    /* run the program */
    stat = vm_run_image(clientifc, image_file_name, hostifc,
                        argv + curarg, argc - curarg,
                        script_file, log_file, cmd_log_file,
                        load_from_exe, show_banner, charset,
                        saved_state, res_dir);

    /* return the status code */
    return stat;
}

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
/*
 *   Copy a filename with a given size limit.  This works essentially like
 *   strncpy(), but we guarantee that the result is null-terminated even if
 *   it's truncated.  
 */
static void strcpy_limit(char *dst, const char *src, size_t limit)
{
    size_t copy_len;

    /* get the length of the source string */
    copy_len = strlen(src);

    /* 
     *   if it exceeds the available space, leaving space for the null
     *   terminator, limit the copy to the available space 
     */
    if (copy_len > limit - 1)
        copy_len = limit - 1;

    /* copy as much as we can */
    memcpy(dst, src, copy_len);

    /* null-terminate what we managed to copy */
    dst[copy_len] = '\0';
}

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
/*
 *   Given a saved game file, try to identify the game file that created the
 *   saved game.  
 */
static int vm_get_game_file_from_savefile(const char *savefile,
                                          char *fname, size_t fnamelen)
{
    osfildef *fp;
    char buf[128];
    int ret;
    size_t len;

    /* open the saved game file */
    fp = osfoprb(savefile, OSFTBIN);

    /* if that failed, there's no way to read the game file name */
    if (fp == 0)
        return FALSE;

    /* read the first few bytes */
    if (osfrb(fp, buf, 16))
    {
        /* 
         *   we couldn't even read that much, so it must not really be a
         *   saved game file 
         */
        ret = FALSE;
    }
    else
    {
        /* check for a saved game signature we recognize */
        if (memcmp(buf, "TADS2 save/g\012\015\032\000", 16) == 0)
        {
            /* 
             *   It's a TADS 2 saved game with embedded .GAM file
             *   information.  The filename immediately follows the signature
             *   (the 15 bytes we just matched), with a two-byte length
             *   prefix.  Seek to the length prefix and read it.  
             */
            osfseek(fp, 16, OSFSK_SET);
            osfrb(fp, buf, 2);
            len = osrp2(buf);

            /* limit the read length to our caller's available buffer */
            if (len > fnamelen - 1)
                len = fnamelen - 1;

            /* read the filename and null-terminate it */
            osfrb(fp, fname, len);
            fname[len] = '\0';

            /* success */
            ret = TRUE;
        }
        else if (memcmp(buf, "T3-state-v", 10) == 0)
        {
            /* 
             *   It's a T3 saved state file.  The image filename is always
             *   embedded in this type of file, so seek back to the start of
             *   the file and read the filename.
             *   
             *   Note that restore_get_image() returns zero on success, so we
             *   want to return true if and only if that routine returns
             *   zero.  
             */
            osfseek(fp, 0, OSFSK_SET);
            ret = (CVmSaveFile::restore_get_image(fp, fname, fnamelen) == 0);
        }
        else
        {
            /* 
             *   it's not a signature we know, so it must not be a saved
             *   state file (at least not one we can deal with)
             */
            ret = FALSE;
        }
    }

    /* we're done with the file now, so close it */
    osfcls(fp);

    /* return the result */
    return ret;
}


/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
/*
 *   Parse a command line to determine the name of the game file specified
 *   by the arguments.  We'll return the index of the argv element that
 *   specifies the name of the game, or a negative number if there is no
 *   filename argument.
 *   
 *   Note that our parsing will work for TADS 2 or TADS 3 interpreter
 *   command lines, so this routine can be used to extract the filename from
 *   an ambiguous command line in order to check the file for its type and
 *   thereby resolve which interpreter to use.  
 */
int vm_get_game_arg(int argc, const char *const *argv,
                    char *buf, size_t buflen)
{
    int i;
    const char *restore_file;

    /* presume we won't find a file to restore */
    restore_file = 0;

    /* 
     *   Scan the arguments for the union of the TADS 2 and TADS 3 command
     *   line options.  Start at the second element of the argument vector,
     *   since the first element is the executable name.  Keep going until
     *   we run out of options, each of which must start with a '-'.
     *   
     *   Note that we don't care about the meanings of the options - we
     *   simply want to skip past them.  This is more complicated than
     *   merely looking for the first argument without a '-' prefix, because
     *   some of the options allow arguments, and an option argument can
     *   sometimes - depending on the argument - take the next position in
     *   the argument vector after the option itself.  So, we must determine
     *   the meaning of each option well enough that we can tell whether or
     *   not the next argv element after the option is part of the option.  
     */
    for (i = 1 ; i < argc && argv[i][0] == '-' ; ++i)
    {
        /* 
         *   check the first character after the hyphen to determine which
         *   option we have 
         */
        switch(argv[i][1])
        {
        case 'b':
            /* 
             *   tads 3 "-banner" (no arguments, so just consume it and
             *   continue) 
             */
            break;

        case 'c':
            /* tads 3 "-cs charset"; tads 2 "-ctab-" or "-ctab tab" */
            if (strcmp(argv[i], "-ctab") == 0
                || strcmp(argv[i], "-cs") == 0)
            {
                /* there's another argument giving the filename */
                ++i;
            }
            break;

        case 'd':
            /* tads 2 "-double[+-]" (no arguments) */
            break;

        case 'm':
            /* tads 2 "-msSize", "-mhSize", "-mSize" */
            switch(argv[i][2])
            {
            case 's':
            case 'h':
                /* 
                 *   argument required - if nothing follows the second
                 *   letter, consume the next vector item as the option
                 *   argument 
                 */
                if (argv[i][3] == '\0')
                    ++i;
                break;

            case '\0':
                /* 
                 *   argument required, but nothing follows the "-m" -
                 *   consume the next vector item 
                 */
                ++i;
                break;

            default:
                /* argument required and present */
                break;
            }
            break;

        case 't':
            /* tads 2 "-tfFile", "-tsSize", "-tp[+-]", "-t[+0]" */
            switch(argv[i][2])
            {
            case 'f':
            case 's':
                /* 
                 *   argument required - consume the next vector item if
                 *   nothing is attached to this item 
                 */
                if (argv[i][3] == '\0')
                    ++i;
                break;
                
            case 'p':
                /* no arguments */
                break;

            default:
                /* no arguments */
                break;
            }
            break;

        case 'u':
            /* 
             *   tads 2 "-uSize" - argument required, so consume the next
             *   vector item if necessary 
             */
            if (argv[i][2] == '\0')
                ++i;
            break;

        case 'n':
            /* tads 3 "-nobanner" - no arguments */
            break;

        case 's':
            /* 
             *   tads 2/3 "-s#" (#=0,1,2,3,4); in tads 2, the # can be
             *   separated by a space from the -s, so we'll allow it this
             *   way in general 
             */
            if (argv[i][2] == '\0')
                ++i;
            break;

        case 'i':
            /* tads 2/3 "-iFile" - consume an argument */
            if (argv[i][2] == '\0')
                ++i;
            break;

        case 'l':
            /* tads 2/3 "-lFile" - consume an argument */
            if (argv[i][2] == '\0')
                ++i;
            break;

        case 'o':
            /* tads 2/3 "-oFile" - consume an argument */
            if (argv[i][2] == '\0')
                ++i;
            break;

        case 'p':
            /* tads 2/3 "-plain"; tads 2 "-p[+-]" - no arguments */
            break;

        case 'R':
            /* tads 3 '-Rdir' - consume an argument */
            if (argv[i][2] == '\0')
                ++i;
            break;

        case 'r':
            /* tads 2/3 "-rFile" - consume an argument */
            if (argv[i][2] != '\0')
            {
                /* the file to be restored is appended to the "-r" */
                restore_file = argv[i] + 2;
            }
            else
            {
                /* the file to be restored is the next argument */
                ++i;
                restore_file = argv[i];
            }
            break;
        }
    }

    /*
     *   We have no more options, so the next argument is the game filename.
     *   If we're out of argv elements, then no game filename was directly
     *   specified, in which case we'll try looking for a file spec in the
     *   restore file, if present.  
     */
    if (i < argc)
    {
        /* there's a game file argument - copy it to the caller's buffer */
        strcpy_limit(buf, argv[i], buflen);

        /* return success */
        return TRUE;
    }
    else if (restore_file != 0)
    {
        /* 
         *   There's no game file argument, but there is a restore file
         *   argument.  Try identifying the game file from the original game
         *   file specification stored in the saved state file.  
         */
        return vm_get_game_file_from_savefile(restore_file, buf, buflen);
    }
    else
    {
        /* 
         *   there's no game file or restore file argument, so they've given
         *   us nothing to go on - there's no game file 
         */
        return FALSE;
    }
}

/* ------------------------------------------------------------------------ */
/*
 *   Given the name of a file, determine the engine (TADS 2 or TADS 3) for
 *   which the file was compiled, based on the file's signature.  Returns
 *   one of the VM_GGT_xxx codes.  
 */
static int vm_get_game_type_for_file(const char *filename)
{
    osfildef *fp;
    char buf[16];
    int ret;
    
    /* try opening the filename exactly as given */
    fp = osfoprb(filename, OSFTBIN);

    /* if the file doesn't exist, tell the caller */
    if (fp == 0)
        return VM_GGT_NOT_FOUND;

    /* read the first few bytes of the file, where the signature resides */
    if (osfrb(fp, buf, 16))
    {
        /* 
         *   error reading the file - any valid game file is going to be at
         *   least long enough to hold the number of bytes we asked for, so
         *   it must not be a valid file 
         */
        ret = VM_GGT_INVALID;
    }
    else
    {
        /* check the signature we read against the known signatures */
        if (memcmp(buf, "TADS2 bin\012\015\032", 12) == 0)
            ret = VM_GGT_TADS2;
        else if (memcmp(buf, "T3-image\015\012\032", 11) == 0)
            ret = VM_GGT_TADS3;
        else
            ret = VM_GGT_INVALID;
    }

    /* close the file */
    osfcls(fp);

    /* return the version identifier */
    return ret;
}

/*
 *   Given a game file argument, determine which engine (TADS 2 or TADS 3)
 *   should be used to run the game.  
 */
int vm_get_game_type(const char *filename,
                     char *actual_fname, size_t actual_fname_len,
                     const char *const *defexts, size_t defext_count)
{
    int good_count;
    int last_good_ver;
    size_t i;

    /* 
     *   If the exact filename as given exists, determine the file type
     *   directly from this file without trying any default extensions.
     */
    if (osfacc(filename) == 0)
    {
        /* the actual filename is exactly what we were given */
        if (actual_fname_len != 0)
        {
            /* copy the filename, limiting it to the buffer length */
            strncpy(actual_fname, filename, actual_fname_len);
            actual_fname[actual_fname_len - 1] = '\0';
        }

        /* return the type according to the file's signature */
        return vm_get_game_type_for_file(filename);
    }
    
    /* presume we won't find any good files using default extensions */
    good_count = 0;

    /* try each default extension supplied */
    for (i = 0 ; i < defext_count ; ++i)
    {
        int cur_ver;
        char cur_fname[OSFNMAX];

        /* 
         *   build the default filename from the given filename and the
         *   current default suffix 
         */
        strcpy(cur_fname, filename);
        os_defext(cur_fname, defexts[i]);

        /* get the version for this file */
        cur_ver = vm_get_game_type_for_file(cur_fname);
        
        /* if it's a valid code, note it and remember it */
        if (vm_ggt_is_valid(cur_ver))
        {
            /* it's a valid file - count it */
            ++good_count;

            /* remember its version as the last good file's version */
            last_good_ver = cur_ver;

            /* remember its name as the last good file's name */
            if (actual_fname_len != 0)
            {
                /* copy the filename, limiting it to the buffer length */
                strncpy(actual_fname, cur_fname, actual_fname_len);
                actual_fname[actual_fname_len - 1] = '\0';
            }
        }
    }

    /*
     *   If we had exactly one good match, return it.  We will already have
     *   filled in actual_fname with the last good filename, so all we need
     *   to do in this case is return the version ID for the last good file. 
     */
    if (good_count == 1)
        return last_good_ver;

    /*
     *   If we didn't find any matches, tell the caller there is no match
     *   for the given filename. 
     */
    if (good_count == 0)
        return VM_GGT_NOT_FOUND;

    /* we found more than one match, so the type is ambiguous */
    return VM_GGT_AMBIG;
}


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